Emotional behavioral problems have their roots in early life experiences. Therefore perception, experience and presentation of a problem can vary from culture to culture. This book investigates emotional behavioral problems experienced by school children in a collectivist culture of a developing country with strong rural traditions- Pakistan. Emerging trends of mental health problems of children, their consequences and different assessment modalities are examined critically. Data from 1500 school children on two indigenous scales (The School Children Problems Scale and The Self Esteem Scale for Children) were analyzed. The results showed a predominance of internalizing problems expressed as Anxiousness, Withdrawal, Feeling of Rejection and Somatic problems making major contribution to Academic Problems and low self-esteem. The role of personal and familial factors in emotional behavioral problems is also highlighted. Aggression perceived as mild and passive emotion played a subdued role. This book will be of special interest to school counselors, clinical psychologists, educationalists and cross-cultural researches.