Word Study & English Grammar
The author wrote, "Those forms of the verb which tell whether the time of the action is past, present, or future, are called tenses. There are six, viz.
Present, I print (am printing) the book. (I suppose the press operator might say this.)
Past, or imperfect, I printed the book. (The press operator might say this when he's finished for the day.)
Future, I shall print the book. (Seems correct but who would say it or write it?)
Perfect, or present perfect, I have printed the book. WRONG.
Pluperfect or past perfect, I had printed the book before you wrote. WRONG.
Future perfect, I will notify you when I shall have printed the book. WRONG.
The first three are correct, in their own peculiar way. The last three are incorrect. There is no way in English you can correctly say, 'I have printed the book'. The next one, the past perfect, is a better try than the present perfect, in that it provides context -- which is ALWAYS necessary -- but it is wrong. What makes this particularly interesting is that one very seldom sees the future perfect illustrated incorrectly, but here is an example.
My advice to prospective readers is to disregard what was written about the three perfect tenses. This is not intended as criticism of the book, but ONLY as a warning that the original author did not understand the perfect tenses. Since verbs are the most difficult of everything relating to speaking and writing correctly and since the three perfect tenses are half of the six, 'buyer beware' seems barely adequate.
I would be pleased to hear from anyone who has an interest in English grammar, preferably by using my email address which Amazon shows in the usual place. Click on my name and you'll see it.