Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. The March or Margraviate of Austria was created in 976 out of the territory that probably formed the earlier March of Pannonia. It is also called the Bavarian Eastern March, or Ostmark in German, or marcha Orientalis in Latin. The first march covering approximately the territory that would become Austria and Slovenia, was the Avar March established by Charlemagne in the late 8th century against the Avars. When the Avars disappeared in the 820s, they were replaced largely by a Slavic people, who established the state of Great Moravia. The region of Pannonia was set apart from the Duchy of Friuli in 828 and set up as a march against Moravia within the regnum of Bavaria. These marches corresponded to a frontier along the Danube from the Traungau to Szombathely and the Raba river and including the Vienna basin. By the 890s, the Pannonian march seems to have disappeared, along with the threat from Great Moravia.