This book is a part of gThe economical ethics of the world religions,h which consists mainly of three parts; others are gThe Confucian and the Taoismh and gThe Ancient Judaism.h It also includes two important short briefs.
This article tries to reveal the relation between the social behaviors and religious ideas of the Hinduism and Buddhism derived from the ancient India. Its analysis is founded on the fundamental question why the Capitalism hasnft developed under these religions. The conclusion is that both disturbs the economical rationalization; the caste system of the Hinduism inhibits the free market of workers, while the ideal of the Buddhism isnft the success of business, but the liberation from the inner world. Both ideas of the salvation have nothing to do with the economy. The content of this analysis begins from the religious idea and ends with its influence on the economical behavior.
We canft help amazing his understanding of these religions and insight to the impact on common people. If anything should be added to his analysis of the Buddhism, its original preaching has never legitimated the caste system, but tried to overcome its temptation to keep the peaceful state of mind.
If you are concerned about the modern India and the South East Asia where these religions have lived now, this book will be useful to understand their style of life.