Fluxional molecule: Organic compound, Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, Isotopic labeling, Absolute zero, Dimethylformamide, Phosphorus pentafluoride
– 12 set 2010
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Fluxional molecules are molecules that undergo dynamics such that some or all of their atoms interchange between symmetry equivalent positions. Because virtually all molecules are fluxional in some respects, e.g. bond rotations in most organic compounds, the term fluxional depends on the context and the method used to assess the dynamics. Often, a molecule is considered fluxional if its spectroscopic signature exhibits line-broadening (beyond that dictated by the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle) due to chemical exchange. In some cases, where the rates are slow, fluxionality is not detected spectroscopically, but by isotopic labeling.