Glycoinformatics: Bioinformatics, Carbohydrate, Database, Computer software, Algorithm, Polysaccharide, Glycoconjugate, Enzyme, Chemical synthesis
– 1 ott 2010
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Glycoinformatics is a relatively new field of bioinformatics that pertains to the study of carbohydrates. It broadly includes (but is not restricted to) database, software, and algorithm development for the study of carbohydrate structures, glycoconjugates, enzymatic carbohydrate synthesis and degradation, as well as carbohydrate interactions. Conventional usage of the term does not currently include the treatment of carbohydrates from the more well-known nutritive aspect.Carbohydrates or sugars" (this term should not be confused with simple sugars - monosaccharides and disaccharides) as they are generally called, form the third class of biopolymers, other two being proteins and nucleic acids. Unlike proteins and nucleic acids which are linear, carbohydrates are often branched and extremely complex. For instance, just four sugars can be strung together to form more than 5 million different types of carbohydrates or nine different sugars may be assembled into 15 million possible four-sugar-chains. Despite their repetitive nature, carbohydrates are often considered as the "information poor" molecules. "