Technically a mixed study, the primary portion of the research was qualitative. The use of content analysis with quantitative design was used to summarize the counts and percentages of how many participants contributed to each qualitative theme. The quantitative portion was the health survey. The study did not focus on the structure of consciousness in human experiences.
The study showed that participants preferred alternative, complementary, or integrative medicine to conventional medicine. The reason may link to the strong value attached by each culture and religious belief to the treatment type, and the confidence of participants have in their physicians. In general, 41.2% ( n= 7) were satisfied with integrative medicine for chronic pain or some combination with it, whereas 47.1% ( n = 8) were satisfied with alternative treatment only: 47.1% ( n = 8) used integrative medicine for chronic pain or some combination with it, whereas 29.4% ( n =5) used alternative treatment only.
Thirteen of the 17 participants ( 76.5%) chose alternative medicine because it was good for the body, for personal preference, and because it was practical.