Dalton C. Rocha
- Pubblicato su Amazon.com
Formato: Copertina flessibile
Here in Brazil, I read this amazing book. And this book was writen by Gustave Le Bon (1841 – 1931). The subject of this book is the crowd psychology. And even after almost 120 years after being published for first time, this book remains an excellent book. Don't be afraid of the long time since this book was first printed or to the fact that you can read for free. The pages indicated below are from the internet's ediction (writen in English) that I read, not this other book, writen in French.
Some great parts of this amazing book:
1- Page 8: "Civilisations as yet have only been created and directed by a small intellectual aristocracy, never by crowds. Crowds are only powerful for destruction. Their rule is always tantamount to a barbarian phase. A civilisation involves fixed rules, discipline, a passing from the instinctive to the rational state, forethought for the future, an elevated degree of culture — all of them conditions that crowds, left to themselves, have invariably shown themselves incapable of realising. In consequence of the purely destructive nature of their power crowds act like those microbes which hasten the dissolution of enfeebled or dead bodies. When the structure of a civilisation is rotten, it is always the masses that bring about its downfall."
2- Page 19: "Moreover, by the mere fact that he forms part of an organised crowd, a man descends several rungs in the ladder of civilisation. Isolated, he may be a cultivated individual; in a crowd, he is a barbarian — that is, a creature acting by instinct. He possesses the spontaneity, the violence, the ferocity, and also the enthusiasm and heroism of primitive beings, whom he further tends to resemble by the facility with which he allows himself to be impressed by words and images — which would be entirely without action on each of the isolated individuals composing the crowd — and to be induced to commit acts contrary to his most obvious interests and his best-known habits. An individual in a crowd is a grain of sand amid other grains of sand, which the wind stirs up at will."
3- Page 46: "A person is not religious solely when he worships a divinity, but when he puts all the resources of his mind, the complete submission of his will, and the whole-souled ardour of fanaticism at the service of a cause or an individual who becomes the goal and guide of his thoughts and actions. Intolerance and fanaticism are the necessary accompaniments of the religious sentiment. They are inevitably displayed by those who believe themselves in the possession of the secret of earthly or eternal happiness. These two characteristics are to be found in all men grouped together when they are inspired by a conviction of any kind. The Jacobins of the Reign of Terror were at bottom as religious as the Catholics of the Inquisition, and their cruel ardour proceeded from the same source."
4- Page 99: "The philosophic absurdity that often marks general beliefs has never been an obstacle to their triumph. Indeed the triumph of such beliefs would seem impossible unless on the condition that they offer some mysterious absurdity. In consequence, the evident weakness of the socialist beliefs of to-day will not prevent them triumphing among the masses. Their real inferiority to all religious beliefs is solely the result of this consideration, that the ideal of happiness offered by the latter being realisable only in a future life, it was beyond the power of anybody to contest it. The socialist ideal of happiness being intended to be realised on earth, the vanity of its promises will at once appear as soon as the first efforts towards their realisation are made, and simultaneously the new belief will entirely lose its prestige. Its strength, in consequence, will only increase until the day when, having triumphed, its practical realisation shall commence. For this reason, while the new religion exerts to begin with, like all those that have preceded it, a destructive influence, it will be unable, in the future, to play a creative part."
Note that Gustave Le Bon wrote about the results and later fall of socialism, decades before the founding of Soviet Union and almost 100 years before the end of Soviet Union. Gustave Le Bon was a genius of crowd psychology. Almost 120 years after its publication, this book is less outdated than your today's newspaper. Yes, I know that Gustave Le Bon was a weak physicist, but as a mob psychologyst, his book remains a monument to human thinking about crowd psychology.
The main problem of this book is to have some drops of eugenics, but Gustave Le Bom never was more eugenicist than Theodore Roosevelt or the Wright Brothers, for instance. Another even smaller, problem is that this book was writen in late XIX Century and couldn't use facts after that time.