- Copertina rigida: 245 pagine
- Editore: Springer-Verlag; 2007. edizione (7 maggio 2007)
- Collana: Higher Education Dynamics
- Lingua: Inglese
- ISBN-10: 1402059701
- ISBN-13: 978-1402059704
- Peso di spedizione: 476 g
- Visualizza indice completo
University Dynamics and European Integration (Inglese) Copertina rigida – 7 mag 2007
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From the reviews:
"University Dynamics and European Integration is a collaborative effort aiming to explore the visions underlying the attempts to reform the European University. … This book invites reformers to reflect on their intents. … Policymakers have picked on a topic where academics have heartfelt things to say, and this work promises to be an invitation to a significant and interesting discussion." (Tito Correa, Times Higher Education Supplement, October, 2007)
Dalla quarta di copertina
The European University is under stress. It has become commonplace to argue that radical reforms are needed. The claim is that while environments are changing rapidly, European universities do not learn, adapt and reform themselves fast enough. Reform plans comprise the purposes of universities, i.e. definitions of what the University is, can be and should be, criteria for quality and success, the kinds of research, education., services and innovation to be produced, and for whom. Reform plans also include the universities’ organization and financial basis, their governance structures, who should influence the future dynamics of universities, and according to what principles. In contrast, it can be argued that the currently dominant reform rhetoric is only one among several competing visions and understandings of the University and its dynamics. What is at stake is "what kind of University for what kind of society" and which, and whose values, interests and beliefs should be given priority in University governance and reforms? This book explores the visions underlying the attempts to reform the European University as well as two European integration processes ("Bologna" and "Lisbon") affecting University dynamics. Above all, the book presents a framework for analyzing ongoing "modernization" reforms and reform debates that take place at various governance levels, not least the European level, and a long-term research agenda.Visualizza tutta la Descrizione prodotto
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A rule-governed community of scholars.
An instrument for national political agendas.
An internal representative democracy.
A service enterprise embedded in competitive markets.
Each of the visions conforms to a chapter in the book, and the corresponding elaborations of them represent the bulk of the work. These chapters are followed by a discussion on the European Reform Processes, as outlined in the Bologna Declaration and the Lisbon Summit. The book ends with an in-depth analysis on the processes, determinants, and consequences of change within the university.
This work is a thought-provoking discussion that takes on not only the proposed changes and reforms that will affect Europe's universities, but questions the very nature of the inquiry made by policy makers. Under the umbrella of "modernization," reforms are being preached to universities without much reflection on what is being asked. Guided by the current of practices from the New Public Management discourse, the reformers are championing a university that functions as a modern enterprise. These reforms are aimed at altering the historic ethos of the university. Maassen and Olsen chastise the European Commission on the lack of substantial research about today's university in Europe. The Commission's conclusions are based on `thin' data. "Strong convictions based on weak evidence," claim the authors. Much of the research that guides policy makers, claim Maassen and Olsen, is based on American universities; if so, the reforms called for amount to an actual Americanization more than a contextualized transformation of the European university. What needs to be discussed here is a consideration of "what kind of university for what kind of society?" This book invites reformers to reflect on their intents. According to Maassen and Olsen, the call for entrepreneurship questions the Humboldtian ideal of a community of autonomous professors and doubts that self-governing scholars will produce the best results for society at large. Maassen and Olsen are sounding the alarm about the proposed changes. Entrepreneurial expectations in the form of steering research toward pragmatic results within the market place threaten academic freedom. These reformers seem unaware that they are questioning and seeking to change the very ethos of the university, the authors argue.
Calls for more entrepreneurial institutions are indeed a challenge to the ethos of the European university, which by tradition has a monastic ethos;' the monks merely reflected on knowledge and shunned profit-making endeavors. Can the university of Europe be modeled more after the Puritan entrepreneurial model that founded Harvard? European policy makers really hope it can happen, and they have outlined this intent in proposed reforms and legislation. Policy makers have picked on a topic where academics have heartfelt things to say, and this work promises to be an invitation to a significant and interesting discussion.